The Orange Wine Region is located in the Central West area of New South Wales. Wine and table grapes have been grown in this relatively high altitude area with mild climates since the 1900s. By about 1925, there were about 450 acres (180 hectares) or table grapes planted in the area. The modern wine industry in the region began in the early 1980s and there were a total of 1350 hectares of vineyards in by the late 1990's. The Orange wine region includes the land around Orange above 600m in the local government areas of Cabonne, Orange and Blayney. The Orange region is an excellent location for growing grapes and making unique wines with their own special terroir with a combination of soils, climate, geology and mild summer temperatures. The mild climate, and altitude about 600m, perhaps best
identifies the uniqueness of this region. Mount Canobolas, near Orange, is an important landscape feature that plays an important role. It provides the region with rich basalt soils but also helps to provide more reliability rainfall in the area. The region is planted with a wide range of varieties with about 60% planted with red wine varieties and 40% with white wine varieties. Shiraz and Cabernet Sauvignon are the most widely planted red wine varieties with Merlot and Pinot Noir growing in popularity, with Pinot Noir being particularly well suited to the higher altitude sites. Of the white varieties, Chardonnay has the largest planting followed closely by Sauvignon Blanc. Other white varieties include Pinot Gris, Marsanne, Gewurtztraminer, Riesling, Semillon. Recently various Italian variety
have been planted including Verdicchio.
The renowned Orange Wine Region is home to more than 35 vineyards in ten districts: Orange City ; Burrendong Way ; Borenore ; Cudal ; Cargo Road ; Pinnacle Road ; Emu Swamp ; Millthorpe ; Blayney ; Lyndhurst .
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