The Riverland Wine Region is the major wine region in South Australian viticultural industry, producing more than 50% of the State's wine grapes. The climate is continental with cool nights and hot, dry days. Most of the rain falls in winter and irrigation is extensively used during the growing season. The major grape varieties are Muscat Gordo Blanc,· Grenache; Chardonnay; Cabernet Sauvignon and Shiraz. One of the outstanding tourist attractions is the famous Banrock Station Wine and Wetland Centre near Kingston-On-Murray. It is a combination of ecotourism centre and wine complex. Other major wine producers in the area are Renmano Wines, Berri Estates, Simeon Wines, Kingston Estate Wines, Salena Estate.and the historic Angove Winery, which first began making and distilling wine in 1886.
Newer wineries include Bonneyview , Salena Estate, Woolpunda, Tandou and Burk Salter. The summer months
are dry and hot with high evaporation rates and low rainfall, and irrigation is regarded as essential. The long sunshine hours ensure fruit ripeness, while a winter rainfall results in low disease incidence and reduces pests. Heat degree days: 2084; Sunshine hours per day: 9.6; Annual rainfall: 269 mm; Growing season rainfall: 139 mm; Mean January temperature: 23 degrees C; Harvest: Mid-February to mid-April. Of the Riverland towns, Renmark is the oldest, dating from 1887. Berri is the major industrial administrative centre of the district, with a large fruit cannery, fruit-juicing plant, and has the largest single winery and distillery in Australia. Other towns are Barmera, Loxton and Waikerie.
Angove's is one of the oldest wineries in the region, and began making wines and distilling in 1886,
Bonneyview was established in 1970, Tandou in 1972, and Salena Estate in 1998.
The Riverlands Wine Region includes seven districts : Monash ; Barmera ; Berri ; Loxton ; Kingston ; Renmark ; Waikerie
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